A Comprehensive Guide to the Most Common Dental Instruments

Visiting the dentist can often feel like stepping into a world of unknowns, especially when you’re greeted with an array of shiny, sharp tools. But fear not! These instruments, while they may look intimidating, are the dentist’s trusted allies in maintaining your oral health. In this article, we’ll demystify some of these tools and their uses, with a special focus on the innovative offerings from Cicada Medical.

Dental Mirror: More than meets the eye

The dental mirror, a seemingly simple tool, is a dentist’s best friend. This small, round mirror attached to a metal stick is a gateway to the hidden corners of your mouth, allowing dentists to inspect areas that would otherwise be out of sight. But did you know it serves a dual purpose? Besides aiding in examination, it also reflects light into the mouth, illuminating the work area during procedures.

Cicada Medical’s dental mirrors are a cut above the rest. Crafted with high-quality reflective material, they provide a clear, distortion-free image. The lightweight, durable handle ensures a comfortable grip, making the dentist’s job a tad bit easier.

Dental Probe: The silent detective

The dental probe, or explorer as it’s often called, is the Sherlock Holmes of dental tools. This long, thin instrument, ending in a sharp point, is used to investigate the mouth for signs of decay, gum disease, and other oral health issues.

Cicada Medical’s dental probes are like a Swiss Army knife – versatile and purpose-built. The sickle probe, with its curved shape, is used to detect cavities and measure periodontal pockets. The straight probe, on the other hand, is a gum disease detective, measuring the depth of gum pockets to diagnose conditions like gingivitis and periodontitis.

Dental Drill and Spoon Excavators: The dynamic duo against decay

When it comes to tackling cavities, the dental drill and the spoon excavator are the dynamic duo. Both tools are used to remove decayed tooth material, but they serve different purposes.

Cicada Medical’s dental drill is a high-speed instrument used to remove large amounts of decay quickly. It’s also used to shape the tooth in preparation for a filling or a crown. Despite its somewhat intimidating appearance and sound, the dental drill is a safe and effective tool when used by a trained professional.

The spoon excavator, on the other hand, is the gentle giant of dental tools. It’s a manual instrument with a small, spoon-shaped tip that’s used to remove soft, decayed material and clean out the cavity. The spoon excavator allows for a high degree of control, making it ideal for removing decay close to the nerve without causing damage.

Scaler: The unsung hero in the fight against plaque and tartar

The dental scaler is an unsung hero in the fight against plaque and tartar. This instrument is used during routine cleanings to remove hardened deposits from the teeth that can’t be eliminated with regular brushing and flossing.

Cicada Medical’s scalers are designed with precision in mind. They come in different shapes and sizes, each designed to reach specific areas of the mouth. Some scalers are designed to clean the front and back surfaces of the teeth, while others are shaped to clean between the teeth and below the gum line.

Suction Device: The unsung hero in the fight against plaque and tartar

The suction device, also known as a saliva ejector or dental vacuum, is a common instrument used in various dental procedures. Its primary role is to keep the mouth clean and dry by removing saliva, water, and debris.

Cicada Medical’s suction devices are designed with precision in mind. They come in different types and sizes, each designed for a specific purpose. High-volume evacuators (HVE) are used to remove large amounts of fluid and debris, while saliva ejectors are used for lighter suction.

Anesthetics: The unsung hero in the fight against plaque and tartar

Anesthetics play a crucial role in dentistry, ensuring patient comfort during various dental procedures. They are substances that cause a loss of sensation, allowing dentists to perform procedures without causing pain or discomfort to the patient.

Cicada Medical provides two main types of anesthetics used in dentistry: local and general. Local anesthetics numb a specific area of the mouth, allowing the dentist to perform procedures such as fillings, root canals, or extractions. General anesthetics, on the other hand, cause the patient to lose consciousness and are typically used for more complex procedures or for patients with severe anxiety.


Understanding the common dental instruments used in dentistry can help patients feel more comfortable and informed during their dental visits. From the dental mirror to the suction device, each instrument plays a crucial role in diagnosing and treating oral health issues. By asking their dentists about the instruments being used, patients can gain a better understanding of their dental care and take a more active role in their oral health.

Cicada Medical’s commitment to providing high-quality, innovative dental equipment ensures that dental professionals have the best tools at their disposal. This not only enhances the efficiency and effectiveness of dental procedures but also contributes to improved patient experiences and outcomes.

Stay tuned for more articles where we’ll explore other common dental instruments in detail, and remember to always consult a professional dentist for any dental concerns or procedures. Regular dental check-ups and maintaining oral hygiene are crucial for overall health.

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